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Total Quality Management (TQM)

Below are Essay & Assignments tackled by us on Total Quality Management (TQM)

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  • Analysis of the famous Total Quality Management case study on Wento Corp
  • This report is based on the following case study -

    Case study - Wento Corp.


    Nicholas Carrias was feeling happy as he drove to work on the San Diego Freeway. He had realized his dream and was now living in Santa Monica, California, USA not far from Los Angeles. He had been hired as manager of Quality Assurance at Wento Corporation a company in Van Nuys that made electric motors for the operation of automatic Venetian blinds, curtains, and light aluminium doors. Wento was a company of some 1750 people and experiencing a period of rapid growth.

    Nicholas was French. He was an engineer and had completed a Masters degree at the Lyon Graduate School of Business in France. During this program, he had completed a 6-month training assignment, covering the certification ISO-9002 for Somfy, a company in Cluses, in the French Alps who also makes motors for sunblinds. Somfy, subsequently hired Nicholas as Quality Co-coordinator, and a post he held for two years.
    Somfy is well known for the high quality of its products. Wento believed that in hiring Nicholas, they would be able to improve the quality of their motors. It wasn't the first time that Wento had received complaints from clients as sometimes the motors would cease operating for no apparent reason during operation.

    Nicholas went into his office and dropped his briefcase and hung up his coat. He had scheduled the whole of today finishing a report on a quality management seminar he had attended in San Francisco, and ing vendors regarding motor specifications. As he sat down, the door flew open and in strode a red-faced Bill Bates, the president of Wento.

    "Nicholas, you have to sort out quality problem. We have been having many complaints from clients about our new motor, reference DLW-1455. One incident was particularly embarrassing as the client was Disney Corporation. During the opening night of one of their presentations the curtains jammed half open. Michael Eisner was in the audience. He was really upset. I really don't know where the problem is, but in my opinion, those people in production aren't very good. I haven't seen the production line for some time, but Mike Burton, the production manager says his workers lack motivation. I'm putting the solution in your hands Nicholas". The problem

    With that Bill dashed out saying he would be gone for the rest of the week. Nicholas sighed. He decided he would have to visit the production line of Model DLW-1455. He put on his jacket, crossed the yard, passing the avocado and orange trees towards the building that housed production of Motor DLW-1455. “Boy, it is hot today” he thought even for so early in the morning. It must be a Santa Ana condition. He entered the front door. The temperature wasn't much different from that outside. He went over to the office of Mike. He was in heated discussion with Sam Marchand, one of the superintendents on the line:

    "Well we had no choice", Sam was saying, "The copper wiring sent to us from our supplier was the wrong diameter but we were able to work with it by modifying the connections somewhat. It wasn't easy but we met the requirements of the Master Schedule. The supplier of this copper wire is not very reliable. It is not the first time we have had material that is not according to specifications. And, what's more, when it does arrive, it's not always on the date promised".

    Nicholas went into Mike's office.

    "Hi Mike. I was talking to Bill Bates this morning and he tells me there have been some difficulties with the production of Model DLW-1455. I wonder if I might take a look around".

    Mike was fuming obviously irritated by his conversation with Sam.

    "Oh Bill Bates is a silly old fool. He's always complaining. There is nothing wrong here. Sure, once in a while we have to shut down the line because machines malfunction but we have always-sufficient in-process inventory on hand to prevent a complete stoppage of the line. Yes, and its true the components supplied by our suppliers are not always according to specifications. You know our specs are quite rigid. However, my operators are very smart they are always able to fix the faulty units. We always meet our demand requirements"

    "Do you mind if I take a look around?" said Nicholas.

    "Well you won't find anything wrong here. I'm not sure why they hired a manager of quality assurance. We can fix the problems ourselves". Mike went on. "Let me come with you"

    "No thanks, I would prefer to go alone,” said Nicholas.

    Nicholas strolled down to upstream part of the operation where the chassis were being drilled. He noticed that several chassis were sitting at the side of the drilling machine.

    "What are these?" he asked the operator.

    "Oh these are rejects", he said. "I've only been on the line for three days" said the operator. "I was transferred from the wiring section and I still have not mastered how to operate these drilling machines."

    "Can't your supervisor help?" enquired Nicholas.

    "Oh he's no use, besides he's off sick today. Well that's what I've heard".

    The cost of non-quality must be high, and I wonder how they are using statistical process control, thought Nicholas. He wandered down further to where the controller unit for the motor was being assembled. This was a six-step operation performed by women whose function was to wire, solder, and connect the appropriate joints. Between the third and fourth steps there was a pile of inventory. The fourth operator, a heavy lady in her fifties seemed harassed trying to keep up with her operation. By, contrast the fifth and sixth operators seemed to no problem in performing their work.

    "Is Jidoka an accepted practice here?" Nicholas asked the last operator

    The lady looked at Nicholas with a weird look on her face. She was utterly confused and wondered what the heck he was talking about. Nicholas explained the concept to her. He didn't think it was worth asking her about Kaizen.

    "What are these controller units in the red container?» asked Nicholas.

    "Oh those are pieces that need redoing. Julie, the operator at post number 1, put the front panel on upside down”, said the operator

    "Have you talked to R&D about Poka-Yoke?" enquired Nicholas.

    "Oh! Those fellows think they are too educated for us. They don't have much to do with this assembly line." She added

    Nicholas continued on further to the R&D department.

    "Hi John, what are you doing?" He said to the head of R&D.

    "Oh we are just working on modifying the specification for the cam shaft of Model DLW 1455. We are not happy with the definitions and our suppliers for the raw materials are continually having problems meeting our requirements." John said bluntly .

    "Have you taken a look at applying the Taguchi concepts", said Nicholas. "That might help".

    Nicholas continued down the line to where the braking assemblies were being machined. On his way he passed the office of Cindy Atkinson, responsible for planning and scheduling. He walked in. Cindy's office was a mess. On one corner of the desk was a computer terminal; any remaining space was covered with paper, order forms, and charts.

    "Good morning Cindy, you look as if you are busy", said Nicholas cheerfully.

    "Oh! I'm struggling with the company-wide planning of all our products. I've developed what I thought was a reasonable aggregate plan but our sales people keep modifying their requirements. First its up, then its down. I don't know whether we are coming or going. Each morning I consult our MRP system I note some entries have been modified. Sometimes its sales changes, but not always. These means that I have to keep modifying my written work orders to the operators."

    As he was talking, the phone rang. Cindy picked it up. The caller was speaking loud. He recognized the high-pitched voice of Mike Burton. Cindy talked for a while, and then put the phone down.

    "I have to dash" said Cindy, "Our number three milling machine is down". With that, she was gone.

    Nicholas glanced at his watch. It was close to lunchtime. He felt he had seen enough for the morning so he set off at a steady pace to his office. He was glad to be away from the noise of the DLW-1455 production line.

    Back in his office, Nicholas glanced at the half finished quality management report sitting on his desk. The first thing he thought he would do for the problems with model DLW-1455 is to make an Ishikawa and Pareto analysis. Since he knew the Somfy Corporation well, he also wondered about bench marking.

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  • Assignment on the Implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Toyota Corporation
  • Quality is a set of characteristics of a product or service that provides value addition and satisfaction to the customer upon consumption. The field of quality management is probably as old as any industry itself. Any product or service needs to be checked before it is handed over to the customer for consumption so that needs and expectations of the customer are met. Traditionally, quality control process was done at the end of manufacturing or production process of a product or service. The finished good was checked for compliance of product specifications and those which passed the test were sent for packaging and the rest were either discarded or resent to an earlier stage in the production chain. There used to be separate quality department, which ensured that finished products are checked for required quality standards. However, in the recent years the concept of quality has spread to encompass all the organizational activities including that of housekeeping. This approach although appeared to be cost intensive in the initial years of conception, soon companies started realizing the impact of quality management at all departments of organization, be it production, human resource, accounting or marketing. The companies that adopted such quality approach soon stood out in the market for quality and durability of the products manufactured. It was soon realized that such comprehensive quality management approach not only resulted in efficient and speedy deliverance of services and goods, it also ensured huge cost savings since each of the departments started contributing effectively to the core process of the company. This approach can broadly be called Total Quality Management or TQM, which will be discussed later in this paper. And one of the pioneers of implementation of total quality management is Toyota, which started its quality practices way back in the 60s. This paper tries to understand Total Quality Management with the help of scholarly articles on the topic. The paper then discusses the implementation of Total Quality Management in Toyota Corporation. ... Less

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  • Evaluation of Quality management system of an organization
  • Introduction 2
    Strategic Quality Management 3
    Evaluation of Quality Management System at Dr Sulaiman Al Habib Medical Center 5
    Proposed Improvement Plan 9
    Implementation of the Change Plan for Strategic Quality Management 10
    Key issues influencing the Successful Implementation of Strategic Quality Management System 12
    Conclusion 14
    References 15
    Appendix- Project Initiation Document 17
    Project Definition 17
    Project Organization Structure 19
    Communication Plan 19
    Quality Plan 20
    Exception Process 20
    Project Tolerances 21
    Risk Assessment 21
    Appendix 1- Gantt Chart 22
    Appendix 2- Network Diagram 23
    Appendix 3- Budget 24 ... Less

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  • Paper discussing Just in Time (JIT) approach and Total Quality Management (TQM) and its application to airline and automobile industry
  • Organizations need to integrate and manage all their processes and operations so that the costs are minimized and productivity or output is maximized. The profit of an organization is directly proportional to the earnings and inversely proportional to the costs. If the costs of carrying out the operations are more then profitability is reduced. If the earnings are reduced profits are also reduced. Effective use of resources would mean reduced costs and hence increased profitability. In order to reduce costs organizations try to reduce wastage and make best of the available resources. Operations management is about planning and managing different organizational processes so that quality products and services are delivered with the efficient and effective use of organizational resources such as raw materials, human resource, operational costs etc. Different approaches and different methods are invented over the past decades so that the organizations’ profitability and efficiency are improved. Some of the operation management methods that have changed the way a manufacturing process is carried out are Just in Time or JIT approach and TQM or Total Quality Management. The paper discusses JIT and TQM as applied to airline and automobile industries. The paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of these operation management methods as applied to automobile and airline industries. ... Less

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  • Problem Analysis using TQM and Strategic Recommendations on Mercadona
  • Introduction
    Background analysis of Mercadona
    Problem statement
    Problem analysis through TQM of Mercadona
    Identification and Evaluation of Alternatives
    Strategic Recommendations for Mercadona
    References ... Less

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  • Report on Cost of Quality
  • Introduction 2
    Concept of Cost of Quality 2
    Literature Review- Cost of Quality 3
    Critical Review of Relevance of Cost of Quality 6
    Estimation of Cost of Quality of the organization-Hamad Medical Center 9
    Quality Chart of Accounts 9
    Quality Cost Summary 10
    Conclusion 11
    References 12 ... Less

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  • Report on Lean and Total Quality management approaches to the continous improvement of a warehousing operation
  • Introduction 2
    Warehouse Operations 2
    Continuous Improvement 3
    PDCA Cycle 4
    Plan 4
    Do 4
    Check 5
    Act 5
    Total Quality Management 6
    Process Complexity 7
    Lean Approach to Reduce Process Complexity 7
    Conclusion 9
    References 10
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  • Report on Quality Management at ASOS
  • This report is based on the following scenario -

    For the Purpose of this assignment you are required to choose an organisation operating locally or internationally, and to apply your answers relating to Quality Management, to this organisation. You have been given the opportunity to discuss the organisation of choice with your Unit Lecturer and ideally you
    should use this organisation for the purpose of this assignment. ... Less

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  • Report on the Implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) Principles at McDonalds
  • The paper discusses the main operational processes and management of world’s leading fast food restaurant chain, McDonald’s. The paper then discusses the various concepts of Total Quality Management and which concept would enable McDonald’s to achieve quality management in all its business aspects. It further discusses three concepts, which can enable any organization to practice Total Quality Management successfully. ... Less

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  • Report on Total Quality Management (TQM) at Southern Fried Chcicken (SFC)
  • This report is based on the following requirement -

    This assignment is designed to enable you to conduct a review of the academic literature on the subject of TQM and apply it in an Operational setting, to an organisation of your choice.
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